The Name Fiend is back! This time she's in Zimbabwe!
The Ancient Shona
The Snona first settled in Zimbabwe in the 11th century.
The Shona were well known for their masony and elaborate stone buildings
The Shona built the city of Great Zimbabwe which means (Great House of Stone Boulders)
In the 13th century the Zona founded the Kingdom of Zimbabwe, which lasted until the mid 15th century.
The Kingdom of Zimbabwe controlled the flourishing trade routes between the interior of southern Africa and the coast
The country of Zimbabwe was named after this ancient empire
The Modern Shona
Today the Shona people still live in Zimbabwe, where they are the largest ethnic group
Groups of Shona also live in southern Mozambique and Zambia.
The Shona are divided into five main groups:
The Shona are made up of many different Clans and sub clans
Each Clan is identified by a particular totem, usually an animal
Totem animals are:
A Shona is not supposed to marry someone from the same Clan or eat meat from his/her Clan's totem animal
Each Clan is led by a chief who is considered guardian of the clans' customs and traditions
The Shona consider all life to be sacred and interconnected
Lions and giraffes are considered royal animals and never hunted
Each Clan has a particular Tree or plant that they always try to protect
The Shona are known for their ironwork, stone carvings and wooden head rests
The Shona are also known for their music, which includes dancing and drumming
During performances, the audience always participates
Important Shona instruments are the Hosho and Mbira
The Hosho is a type of rattle
The Mbira, is a type of finger xylophone